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Luar Negara

Negara ratifikasi Konvensyen Pelarian UNHCR

TERDAPAT 148 buah negara yang meratifikasi dan menandatangani Konvensyen Berkaitan Status Pelarian 1951 dan Protokol 1967.

Malaysia tidak tersenarai tetapi menerima pelarian di bawah Suruhanjaya Tinggi bagi Pelarian Pertubuhan Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu (UNHCR). – SM

Sumber: UNHCR

Negara

Konvensyen


Protokol

Afghanistan

Albania

Algeria

Angola

Antigua dan Barbuda

Argentina

Armenia

Australia

Austria

Azerbaijan

2005

1992

1963

1981

1995

1961

1993

1954

1954

1993

2005

1992

1967

1981

1995

1967

1993

1973

1973

1993

Bahamas

Belarus

Belgium

Belize

Benin

Bolivia

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Botswana

Brazil

Bulgaria

Burkina Faso

Burundi

1993

2001

1953

1990

1962

1982

1993

1969

1960

1993

1980

1963

1993

2001

1969

1990

1970

1982

1993

1969

1972

1993

1980

1971

Cabo Verde

Cambodia

Cameroon

Canada

Republik Afrika Tengah

Chad

Chile

China

Colombia

Congo

Costa Rica

Ivory Coast

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

 

1992

1961

1969

1962

1981

1972

1982

1961

1962

1978

1961

1992

1963

1993

1987

1992

1967

1969

1967

1981

1972

1982

1980

1970

1978

1970

1992

1968

1993

Denmark

Republik Demokrasi Congo

Djibouti

Dominica

Dominican Republic

1952

1965

1977

1994

1978

1968

1975

1977

1994

1978

Ecuador

Egypt

El Salvador

Equatorial Guinea

Estonia

Ethiopia

1955

1981

1983

1986

1997

1969

1969

1981

1983

1986

1997

1969

Fiji

Finland

France

1972

1968

1954

1972

1968

1971

Gabon

Gambia

Georgia

Germany

Ghana

Greece

Guatemala

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau

1964

1966

1999

1953

1963

1960

1983

1965

1976

1973

1967

1999

1969

1968

1968

1983

1968

1976

Haiti

Holy See

Honduras

Hungary

1984

1956

1992

1989

1984

1967

1992

1989

Iceland

Iran

Ireland

Israel

Italy

1955

1976

1956

1954

1954

1968

1976

1968

1968

1972

Jamaica

Japan

1964

1981

1980

1982

Kazakhstan

Kenya

Kyrgyzstan

1999

1966

1996

1999

1981

1996

Latvia

Lesotho

Liberia

Liechtenstein

Lithuania

Luxembourg

1997

1981

1964

1957

1997

1953

1997

1981

1980

1968

1997

1971

Madagascar

Malawi

Mali

Malta

Mauritania

Mexico

Monaco

Montenegro

Morocco

Mozambique

1967

1987

1973

1971

1987

2000

1954

2006

1956

1983

 

1987

1973

1971

1987

2000

2010

2006

1971

1989

Namibia

Nauru

Netherlands

New

Nicaragua

Niger

Nigeria

Norway

1995

2011

1956

1960

1980

1961

1967

1953

1995

2011

1968

1973

1980

1970

1968

1967

Panama

Papua New Guinea

Paraguay

Peru

Philippines

Poland

Portugal

1978

1986

1970

1964

1981

1991

1960

1978

1986

1970

1983

1981

1991

1976

Republik Korea

Republik Moldova

Romania

Rusia

Rwanda

1992

2002

1991

1993

1980

1992

2002

1991

1993

1980

Saint Kitts dan Nevis

Saint Vincent dan Grenadines

Samoa

Sao Tome dan Principe

Senegal

Serbia

Seychelles

Sierra Leone

Slovakia

Slovenia

Kepulauan Solomon

Somalia

Afrika Selatan

Spain

Sudan

Suriname

Swaziland

Sweden

Switzerland

2002

1993

1988

1978

1963

2001

1980

1981

1993

1992

1995

1978

1996

1978

1974

1978

2000

1954

1955

 

2003

1994

1978

1967

2001

1980

1981

1993

1992

1995

1978

1996

1978

1974

1978

1969

1967

1968

Tajikistan

Republik Macedonia

Timor-Leste

Togo

Trinidad dan Tobago

Tunisia

Turki

Turkmenistan

Tuvalu

1993

1994

2003

1962

2000

1957

1962

1998

1986

1993

1994

2003

1969

2000

1968

1968

1998

1986

Uganda

Ukraine

United Kingdom

United Republik Tanzania

Amerika Syarikat

Uruguay

1976

2002

1954

1964

 

1970

1976

2002

1968

1968

1968

1970

Venezuela 1986
Yemen 1980 1980
Zambia 1969 1969
Zimbabwe 1981 1981
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Mohamad Athir Ismail

Penulis merupakan antara wartawan Utusan Malaysia dan Utusan Online yang terakhir berkhidmat sebelum Utusan Melayu (M) Berhad ditutup.

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